Does Biochar Work?

Does Biochar Work?

 Biochar is a type of charcoal that is made from biomass, such as wood, manure, or agricultural waste. It is produced by pyrolysis, which is a process of heating biomass in the absence of oxygen. Biochar is porous and has a high surface area, which gives it a number of potential benefits for soil and plant health.

How Does Biochar Work?

Biochar works in a number of ways to improve soil health. It can:

  • Increase water retention: Biochar has a high water holding capacity, which can help to improve soil moisture levels. This is especially beneficial in dry areas or for plants that are drought-tolerant.
  • Improve drainage: Biochar can also improve soil drainage by breaking up compacted soil and creating air spaces. This helps to prevent waterlogging and root rot.
    Biochar improving drainage in soil
  • Improve nutrient retention: Biochar can bind to nutrients in the soil, helping to keep them available to plants. This can reduce the need for fertilizer.
    Biochar improving nutrient retention in soil
  • Neutralize acidity: Biochar can help to neutralize acidic soils, which can make them more hospitable to plants.
    Biochar neutralizing acidity in soil
  • Increase microbial activity: Biochar can provide a home for beneficial soil microbes, which can help to improve soil fertility.
    Biochar increasing microbial activity in soil
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Biochar can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by storing carbon in the soil.
    Biochar reducing greenhouse gas emissions

Does Biochar Work in All Soils?

The effectiveness of biochar depends on a number of factors, including the type of biochar, the soil type, and the climate. In general, biochar is most effective in sandy soils, which are low in organic matter and nutrients. It can also be beneficial in clay soils, which can be waterlogged and compacted. However, biochar may not be effective in all soils.

Does Biochar Have Any Negative Effects?

There are some potential negative effects of biochar, but they are generally minor. For example, biochar can bind to some nutrients, making them unavailable to plants. However, this can be mitigated by using a balanced fertilizer program. In addition, biochar can release some toxins, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), during production. However, the levels of PAHs in biochar are generally low and pose little risk to human health.

Is Biochar a Viable Option?

Biochar is a promising technology with the potential to improve soil health and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, more research is needed to fully understand its benefits and risks. At this time, biochar is not a widely used technology, but it is gaining interest among farmers, scientists, and policymakers.


Biochar is a complex material with a number of potential benefits for soil and plant health. However, more research is needed to fully understand its effectiveness and safety. If you are considering using biochar, it is important to do your research and talk to a qualified expert.


  • Lehmann, J., & Joseph, S. (2015). Biochar for environmental management: Science, technology and implementation. Earthscan.
  • Six, J., Lehmann, J., Joseph, S., & O'Neill, B. C. (2006). Biochar, soil fertility, and global change: A review. Advances in Agronomy, 97, 1-46.
  • Smith, P., Falloon, P., Lehmann, J., & O'Neill, B. C. (2016). Biochar for soil carbon sequestration: Potentials and limitations. Environmental Research Letters, 11(7), 075008.


Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.